Interview de Jean-Claude Margueron par Vincent Charpentier sur son ouvrage Cités invisibles, la naissance de l’urbanisme au Proche-Orient ancien (Geuthner 2013) (disponible en podcast dans la rubrique « A écouter, à regarder » de notre site)
The Results of Compulsive Excavation in Monument of
Qaleh Gori Seimarreh
By: Atta Hassanpour*
Qaleh Gori Seimarreh, located in Lorestan Koohdasht, with a location 38 S 0699840 – UTM 3691230 and height of 656 meters above sea level, on the northern shore of the Seimarreh river and the southern slopes of Mount Darband Kabood. Maximum height of the mount is 3 meters, and its approximate dimensions are 30 × 70 meters.
This monument excavated to rescue it from danger shrinkage Seimarreh dam in the fall of 2010 and discovered an important and valuable part of a monument related to the Sassanin period. Explore this area has shown that it consists of four connected spaces : a room or entry interface with the East – West direction, two rooms with a rectangular plan and a direction parallel to each other with North – South and a staler room with two half-columns and a full column in the middle of it. The application of this masonry for sake of incomplete excavation is unclear too.
The findings obtained from this area in addition to simple pottery and glazes are various acrographies that their dating is more effective than any other things. There are more than 30 motifs with different topics are used in the acrographies. These motifs divided into 4 categories: plant designs include clover leaf, acanthus leaf, sunflower, vine and ivy leaf, geometric designs in various projects such as the radiant four stars, parallel circles and intricate. Animal motifs such as wild boar and a human role are unique in the collection. This motif shows a trunk of a person that has a special clothe for the important characters during the Sassanian period. This person was also a special part of the crown. For create and format these motifs are used the two techniques such as molding and manual.
* MA in Archaeology, Department of Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism province Lorestan.